World Federation of Hungarians
to the Draft
Constitution for Europe
Individual and Collective Rights
of National Minorities
14 July 2003. Budapest
Presidium of the World Federation of Hungarians - Resolution 173/2003
Draft - translated from Hungarian Translation in conformance with the original
Additions to the Draft Constitution for Europe
Part II: THE CHARTA OF FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS OF THE UNION
Chapter V2: Communal Self-government
Chapter V3: Self-government with Specific Status
The local community with specific status, based on the right to local autonomy, in the areas defined in this Constitution possesses the local and executive powers delegated to it by the state.
1. creation, operation and development of educational institutions,
2. creation, operation and development of cultural and intellectual institutions in their mother language,
3. mass information in their mother language,
4. unrestricted use of mother language in private, religious and public life and institutions, and in the judicial system,
5. providing public order and safety by a police force that is under the authority of the autonomous self-government,
6. creation and maintenance of national monuments and memorials,
7. creation and operation of libraries, archives, museums and similar institutions that hold the linguistic values of the community and the nationality groups,
8. and other functions, as provided for by law.
The state supervision of local communities with specific status extends only to the legality of its activity.
Chapter V4: Territorial Self-government of Autonomous Communities
1) Regions representing historical, cultural, and economic units, in accord with the right to autonomy as provided for in Paragraph 6 above, may achieve self-government and may create regional autonomous community in harmony with the provisions of this paragraph and the relevant statutes.
2) The procedure to achieve autonomy may be initiated by the appropriate regional council and two thirds of the villages, provided that their residents comprise more than half of the voting population. These conditions must be guaranteed within six months, beginning from the time the first involved institution accepted the proposal.
3) According to the provisions of Paragraph 11 the forced alteration of the boundaries, residential structure and nationality composition of the autonomous public administration is prohibited.
The Parliaments of the EU Member States:
a) may recognize the creation of autonomous community that extends only to one province;
b) may recognize, or if necessary, they may grant autonomy statutes for territories that do not constitute part of a provincial organization;
c) may assume the right of the bodies mentioned in Paragraph 19, (2) to initiate autonomy;
The text of the statute will be worked out and proposed to the appropriate Parliament for legalization, by the public representatives of the affected communities.
1) Among the conditions defined in this Constitution the statutes will be the fundamental institutional norms of the autonomous communities, which will be recognized and protected as organic part of the country’s legal order.
2) The autonomy-statute must define:
a) the name of the autonomous community that best mirrors its historic profile;
b) the borders of the area;
c) the name, organization and seat of the autonomous institution;
d) the functions provided for in the Constitution, and the basic principles of transferring the necessary offices;
3) Modification of the statutes shall happen according to the procedure contained therein.
1) The autonomous communities, in the interest of their internal development and carrying out their functions shall have financial autonomy, and in the exercise of this function, they shall observe the principles of harmony with the state finances and of the solidarity of every citizen.
2) The autonomous communities and their officers, as the designates and co-workers of the state, shall collect the state taxes and shall perform in this capacity, in harmony with the statutes.
1) The financial resources of the autonomous communities are the following:
a) taxes fully or partially transferred by the state; fees and surcharges after the state taxes and other allocations from the state revenue;
b) taxes of the autonomous community, special taxes and fees;
c) proportionate distribution from the territorial compensatory fund and other appropriations from the general state budget;
d) income from its own property and from private property;
e) funds from credit activities;
f) domestic and foreign gifts;
g) income from commercial and other activity that are reserved specifically to the autonomous territory and its residents by the state’s constitution of statutes.
2) Under no circumstances can he autonomous communities tax goods or services outside their territory, or to obstruct in any way the free flow of goods and services.
1) The state shall enjoy exclusive jurisdiction in these areas:
1. regulation of basic conditions that guarantee the equality of every citizen in the exercise and fulfillment of their constitutional rights;
2. citizenship, immigration and emigration, control of foreigners, and asylum;
3. international relations, excepting the right of the autonomous region to develop its own connections;
4. national defense and the armed forces, respecting the free use of the language of the autonomous communities in the armed forces, and the creation of units in the mother language;
5. judicial system, respecting the right of the autonomous community to regulate it in its own jurisdiction;
6. commercial, criminal, penal and procedural legislation, respecting the necessary specifics that flow from the autonomous community specific material rights;
7. labor legislation, respecting the authority of the organs of the autonomous community right to apply the laws;
8. civic legislation, respecting the right of the autonomous community to protect, modify and develop civic rights where there are any, and public rights. In every case, the rules regarding the application and the guaranteeing the effectiveness of judicial rules; juridical civil relationships regarding marriage; state registrations and providing official documents; principles of contractual arrangements; norms to dissolve collision of laws; definition of sources of rights, especially in relationship to special rights;
9. legislation concerning intellectual and industrial property, respecting the right of the autonomous community right as provided by statutes;
10. duties and tariffs; foreign commerce;
11. the monetary system, foreign loans, convertibility; regulation of general principles of credit, bank transactions and insurance, respecting the right of the autonomous community right as provided by statutes;
12. legislation regarding weights and measurements; defining the official time;
13. general planning and coordination of the basic economic activities, respecting right of the autonomous community as provided by statutes;
14. general financial matters and state indebtedness;
15. scientific and technological research and development and coordination, respecting special functions and interest of the autonomous community;
16. international health regulations; the foundations and general coordination of health services; legislation concerning health products;
17. legislation concerning social insurance and its economic basis, remembering that providing social services are the function of the autonomous community;
18. environmental protection, provided that they do not violate the supplementary right of the A R to issue environmental rules; regulation of manufacture, marketing, owning and using firearms and explosives;
19. basic rules concerning the media, radio and television, and in general, every form of social communication, respecting the executive and developmental right of the autonomous community;
20. protection of cultural, artistic and historic heritage, prevention of their removal from the country; state museums, libraries, archives, but their operation shall be reserved for the autonomous community;
21. public safety, providing the opportunity for the autonomous community to create its own police force, within the framework of the relevant organic statutes;
22. regulation of the necessary conditions for receiving, granting, and approving academic and university titles;
23. statistics, necessary for state purposes.
2) Without violating the rights belonging to the autonomous communities the state views as its obligation and essential task to serve culture and to promote cultural contacts among the autonomous communities;
In the areas where the state enjoys exclusive jurisdiction, may delegate to the autonomous community the power to make their own legislative procedural rules within the guidelines established by the state. Respecting the jurisdiction of the courts, in every such law the means of state supervision of the autonomous community must be clearly stated.
By organic law the state may transfer or delegate authority over rights relating to state ownership those that are, by their nature able to be transferred or delegated to the autonomous community. In every such case the law must allow the transfer of financial means and state the forms of the supervision reserved to the state.
The following may supervise the operation of the organs of the autonomous community:
a) the Constitutional Court, concerning the constitutionality of normative orders;
b) the Cabinet, concerning the exercise of delegated authority;
c) the Public-administrative courts concerning the activity and rules of the autonomous public-administrative organs;
d) the Audit Office concerning the fiscal management and budget as it involves the state budget ;
e) the European Union through its organs supervising Human Rights.
The constitutional self-identification as “nation-state” of countries that include historic and territorial communities of numeric minorities is irreconcilable with the principles of the democratic juridical states of the European Union.
Accordingly, only the deletion of such false “nation-state” self-identification from these states’ constitutions can guarantee for the national community living within the territory of given state and bound by historic traditions to their residences, the safeguarding their self-identity, preventing their forced assimilation, vouching for their true equality, and guaranteeing their self-government.
1) The European Parliament shall create a Council of the European Union to Supervise autonomous community (in the following “Council”) that will supervise and promote conditions for the creation and realization of he legal framework of community self-government according to the rights established in Paragraph I, Article II-47 for every people, national community and historic region to self-government.
2) The functions of the Council include:
a) register the native national communities in Europe that conform to the conditions stated in Paragraph 2, Article II-48);
b) initiate negotiation with the member states about the position of autonomous community rights concerning the provisions of this Constitution and the inclusion in their domestic laws and statutes appropriate guarantees of the forms of autonomy requested by the communities;
c) make proposals for the creation of Euro-regions based on nationality;
d) supervise the unhindered fulfillment of the collective rights of the autonomous community in the member states;
e) receive complaints from the autonomous national communities, investigate them, and propose remedies to resolve the complaints;
f) prepare yearly report concerning the situation of the autonomous community;
g) propose sanction for violation of the present Constitution; and
h) such other tasks as may be assigned to the Council by the European Parliament.
Utolsó módosítás: 2011-10-16